Health and Safety - Investigation

Accident Reporting & Investigation

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) has been amended. RIDDOR puts duties on employers, the self-employed and people in control of work premises to report serious workplace accidents, occupational diseases and specified dangerous occurrences (near misses). 

Over-three-day injuries – Not reportable

RIDDOR’s over-three-day injury reporting requirement has changed. The trigger point to report the accident has now increased from over three days’ to over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened).  Employers and others with responsibilities under RIDDOR MUST still keep a record of the accident if the worker has been incapacitated for more than three consecutive days. If you are an employer, who must keep an accident book under the Social Security (Claims and Payments) Regulations 1979, that record will be enough.

The following must continue to be reported:

Health & Safety Investigation
Deaths

A death Must be reported if:

  • It results from a work accident;
  • A worker sustains and iccupational injury;
  • It results from a suicide on a relevant transport system (this is considered to be an accident for the purpose of RIDDOR); or
  • it results from an act of physical violence to a worker.
Major Injuries

These Include:

  • A fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs and toes;
  • Amputation;
  • Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine;
  • Loss of sight (temporary or permanent);
  • Chemical or hot metal burn to the eye or any penetrating injury to the eye;
  • Injury resulting from an electric shock or electrical burn leading to unconsciousness, resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours;
  • Any other injury leading to hypothermia, heat-induced illness, unconsciousness, resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours;
  • Unconsciousness caused by asphyxia or exposure to a harmful substance or biological agent;
  • An acute illness requiring medical treatment;
  • Loss of consciousness arising from absorption of any substance by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin; and/or
  • Acute illness requiring medical treatment where there is reason to believe that this resulted from exposure to a biological agent, its toxins or infected material.
Over Seven- Day Injuries Over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened). Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work. The report must be made within 15 days of the accident.
Injuries to people not at work Over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened). Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work. The report must be made within 15 days of the accident.
Occupational Disease Employers and self-employed people must report occupational diseases. This must be done when they receive a written diagnosis from a doctor that they, or an employee, is suffering from one of these conditions and the sufferer has been doing the work activities listed for that illness.
Dangerous Occurrences For a full list of dangerous occurrences go to www.hse.gov.uk/riddor

How to report:

Online

Go to www.hse.gov.uk/riddor and complete the appropriate online report form. The form will then be submitted directly to the RIDDOR database. You will receive a copy for your records.

Telephone

All incidents can be reported online but a telephone service remains for reporting fatal and major injuries only. Call the Incident Contact Centre on 0845 300 9923 (opening hours Monday to Friday 8.30 am to 5 pm).

Investigation of accidents

Rhondda Cynon Taf‘s Environmental Health Professionals will typically investigate the following types of accident:

Deaths; Major injuries; Dangerous occurrences and in some circumstances over 7 day injuries.

Many accident investigations are straight forward but investigations of major accidents will normally require the attendance of more than one officer.  In some circumstances it may be appropriate to request a detailed report from the employer to aid a decision about whether to launch an enquiry.

The powers of inspectors specified in Section 20 Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 may be required for such investigations. These include the taking of measurements, photographs, samples, taking possession and detention of articles and examination and copying of records.

The necessary equipment for these purposes eg., statement forms, prohibition notices, notices for taking possession and detaining, polythene sample bags, tape measures, hazard tape, camera, protective equipment should be collected and taken on the investigation.

For further information or to report and accident or incident go to the RIDDOR website. website.

Contact Information

Food and Health and Safety Project
Public Health and Protection Division
Telephone: 01443 425001
Fax: 01443 425301
Email: food.healthandsafety@rhondda-cynon-taf.gov.uk