Infectious Diseases - Local Emergency Planning

This page provide current advice and information on infectious diseases and other potential risks to residents.

Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa which was first reported in March 2014 is continuing. Ongoing transmission of the virus is continuing to be reported in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. The outbreak is not under control and new cases are being reported from both established and new outbreak areas with transmission occurring in both community and healthcare settings.

On 8 August the World Health Organisation (WHO) released a statement following a meeting of the International Health Regulation Emergency Committee, declaring the Ebola outbreak a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern’. Information about Ebola virus disease including symptoms and prognosis is available from the World Health Organisation (WHO) website at http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/en/|link to an external website - opens in new window and the NHS Choices website at http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ebola-virus/Pages/Ebola-virus.aspx|link to an external website - opens in new window. An Ebola Q&A document has been produced by Public Health England and can be viewed/downloaded from: Ebola Q&A - September 2014|link to an external website - opens in new window 

A Flu Pandemic

Pandemic flu occurs when a new, highly infectious and dangerous strain of the flu virus appears. Because it’s so different to other strains of flu, we have little or no immunity to it, and it can spread easily, from person to person, and from country to country.

Ordinary flu happens every year usually during the winter, whereas pandemic flu tends to occur only three times each century. Ordinary flu has unpleasant symptoms such as headaches, sore throat, cough, aching muscles and fever, but in most cases is not life threatening. Pandemic flu has similar symptoms, but they are much more severe, and can be life threatening.

The NHS has prepared various helpful information and leaflets to help in your understanding and guidance in case of a pandemic. For further information click on the links below:-

Avian Flu

Avian influenza, or 'bird flu', is a highly contagious disease of birds, caused by influenza A viruses.  Domestic poultry are highly susceptible.

"It is important to underline that the H5N1 strain of avian influenza is essentially a disease of birds and poultry. The risk to human health only arises in persons in very close contact with infected birds." DEFRA Statement, 20 October 2005.